Doric order dating
Another landmark example of Doric design, with columns surrounding the entire building, is the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens.Likewise, the Temple of the Delians, a small, quiet space overlooking a harbor, also reflects the Doric column design.Blocks of stone were held in place by bronze or iron pins set into molten lead — a flexible system that could withstand earthquakes.Greek architecture followed a highly structured system of proportions that relates individual architectural components to the whole building.Believing that Doric columns could bear the most weight, ancient builders often used them for the lowest level of multi-story buildings, reserving the more slender Ionic and Corinthian columns for the upper levels.Ancient builders developed several Orders, or rules, for the design and proportion of buildings, including the columns.Each component of a classical order was sized and arranged according to an overall proportioning system based on the height and diameter of the columns.The Greeks first constructed their orders with wood, and then switched to stone using the same forms.
Stern For the Greeks, temples were not only places to worship the gods but also impressive symbols of their society and culture.
The Doric column is an architectural element from ancient Greece and represents one of the five orders of classical architecture.
Today this simple column can be found supporting many front porches across America.
The capital was often a stylized representation of natural forms, such as animal horns or plant leaves.
It, in turn, supports a horizontal element called the entablature, which is divided further into three different parts: These elements, in turn, were further elaborated with decorative moldings and ornamentation (see Figure 1).